Dengue fever is a viral infection that is transmitted by mosquitoes. It is a common disease in tropical and subtropical regions, and it affects millions of people every year.

While many cases of dengue fever are mild and resolve on their own, the disease can also be very serious and even life-threatening.

In this article, we will explore the various ways in which dengue fever can affect the body and the potential consequences of this disease.

Symptoms of Dengue Fever

The symptoms of dengue fever typically begin to appear between 3-14 days after a person has been bitten by an infected mosquito. The symptoms can vary widely from person to person, but some of the most common symptoms include:

  • High fever
  • Severe headache
  • Joint and muscle pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Rash
  • Pain behind the eyes

While these symptoms may seem like those of a typical flu-like illness, they can quickly become more severe in some cases.

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Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever

One of the most serious complications of dengue fever is dengue hemorrhagic fever. This occurs when the disease progresses to a more severe form, and it can be life-threatening. Symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever include:

  • Bleeding from the nose, mouth, or gums
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Persistent vomiting
  • Rapid breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Restlessness

If left untreated, dengue hemorrhagic fever can lead to shock, which can cause organs to fail and lead to death.

Dengue Shock Syndrome

Dengue shock syndrome is the most severe form of dengue fever. It occurs when the blood vessels become damaged, causing a drop in blood pressure.

This can lead to shock and can be fatal if not treated immediately. Symptoms of dengue shock syndrome include:

  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Rapid, weak pulse
  • Cold, clammy skin
  • Decreased urine output
  • Altered consciousness

Treating Dengue Fever

There is no specific treatment for dengue fever, but early detection and treatment can help to prevent the disease from progressing to a more severe form.

In most cases, treatment involves managing symptoms and keeping the patient hydrated. In severe cases, hospitalization may be required to manage symptoms and provide supportive care.

Preventing Dengue Fever

The best way to prevent dengue fever is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes. This can be done by:

  • Using insect repellent
  • Wearing long-sleeved clothing
  • Using mosquito nets while sleeping
  • Staying indoors during peak mosquito hours (early morning and late afternoon)

It is also important to remove any standing water from around your home, as this can be a breeding ground for mosquitoes.


Dengue fever is a serious disease that can have life-threatening consequences. While most cases of dengue fever are mild and resolve on their own, the disease can progress to a more severe form, including dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome.

There is no specific treatment for dengue fever, so early detection and supportive care are key.

The best way to prevent dengue fever is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes, which can be done by taking simple precautions such as using insect repellent and wearing long-sleeved clothing.

By understanding the potential risks and taking steps to prevent the disease, we can help to protect ourselves and our communities from this serious illness.

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