In this article I am writing about precautions and health protection that should be taken by family members, parents and health workers from the beginning of pregnancy to the time of birth.

When a woman becomes pregnant, physical and mental changes occur in her.

Naturally, the art of nature, where another person lives in the same body, even twins and triplets, three or four lives operate from the same body.

The process of developing a fetus from a small cell and developing every body part to a human shape, with human qualities, is really interesting.

Science has brought about an upheaval in the knowledge of pregnancy and the process of growth and development of the baby in the womb.

With scientific facts and evidence, health workers today can easily observe, evaluate and solve problems at all stages of development from embryo to birth.

With new scientific tools and methods, it has become easier to monitor, observe and treat the health of the mother and the unborn child from the beginning. Today, safe methods of operating on unborn babies have also been developed.

The irony is that these new methods and specialist health workers are only available in developed countries. If in an underdeveloped or developing country, they are limited to big cities.

There is a big difference between giving birth in Humla, Jumla, Nepal and giving birth in Kathmandu. Another irony is that people in geographically remote areas are deprived not only of access to health services but also of education.

Picture: The Kathmandu Post

Many families in remote areas where education and health services are poor have little knowledge of how to take care of pregnant women, how to support them, how to keep pregnant babies safe, etc.

One has to walk for hours to go to the health post or hospital even for a general check-up.

New treatment methods developed by science are not available to women and pregnant women in disadvantaged areas. Pregnant infants do not receive mandatory services.

The mortality rate of pregnant women and newborns in Nepal is alarming due to lack of education on maternal and child health, geographical location and lack of health workers.

Although the maternal mortality rate is decreasing in Nepal, it has been seen to increase after the corona period. To reduce maternal and child mortality, increasing health knowledge and expanding services is mandatory. The service should also be as modern as possible.

Children keep being born. We consider this a normal occurrence. One does not know the real meaning and significance of having a baby until one has given birth. It is not even known how serious the situation is.

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On the one hand, the physical and mental changes of the pregnant woman, and on the other hand, the health of the pregnant baby and the care after birth, the future, etc., cause parents to worry.

A husband-to-be should be especially vigilant about the health of his pregnant wife and unborn child. Be prepared to solve potential problems. Opportunities should also be known.

The first sign of pregnancy is the cessation of menstruation. There is a facility to test when in doubt. After the test is confirmed, the necessary preparation work begins.

In the first days after pregnancy, problems such as morning headache, breast pain, and frequent urination may be seen. Many people also experience problems such as nausea, vomiting, and reluctance to eat.

At such times, support and comfort from family members is needed. Miscarriage is more likely before the completion of three months of pregnancy. Be aware of this.

Physical changes are accompanied by mild mental disturbances. In such cases, the supportive role of the husband and other family members is essential.

Everyone should help to boost the morale of pregnant women. Lifting heavy items, carrying heavy loads and traveling long distances by bus is not advisable. Attention should be paid to this.

A blood test should be done after pregnancy. It should be known whether the body needs vitamins and other elements. Health care should be taken for this.

Husbands, parents and all family members should be vigilant in caring for pregnant women. It should not be ignored thinking that it is a natural process.

Being pregnant means having two life running through one body. Therefore, pregnant women should increase the intake of nutrients, fruits, vegetables and various vitamins.

A balanced diet is essential. Pregnant women should not drink alcohol or smoke. The effect of these two directly affects the fetus. A family member or anyone else who smokes should not be near them.

Some medicines can have negative effects on the unborn baby. Do not take any medicine without consulting a doctor. The health condition of the pregnant woman directly affects the unborn baby.

Not only physical health, but mental health also affects the unborn child. It also affects the happiness and unhappiness of the mind.

Therefore, all those close to the pregnant woman should behave positively towards her. You should try to keep him smiling and happy.

Pregnant women are more likely to develop diabetes and high blood pressure. Those who have these diseases before conception may have more problems. Pregnant women with heart disease may also have more problems.

Pregnant women with these types of diseases need to consult a doctor regularly. You should inform your doctor about your health condition.

Necessary health check-ups should be done till the time of delivery. Regular walking and exercise should be done. Simple household chores should be done.

All pregnant women and those close to them should understand that the period from conception to delivery is very important and sensitive.

The tradition of giving birth at home is still alive in our villages. After eight months of pregnancy, if there is a lot of abdominal pain and discomfort, if the baby moves a lot or does not move, you should go to the hospital immediately.

Due to geographic isolation, economic crisis and ignorance, many pregnant women do not get even the minimum healthcare services. In this case, both the pregnant woman and the unborn child are at risk.

If you have access to good health care, the chances of complications during childbirth are very low. If there is a complication, you need regular health care but there is no hospital nearby, you should also think about arranging temporary accommodation near the hospital.

Today’s modern technology has made it possible to know the exact date of birth of a child. Nurses and doctors prepare accordingly.

By paying attention to the mentioned aspects, the health of pregnant women and unborn babies can be protected.

A healthy baby can be born. Maternal and child health can be protected. A country gets a healthy citizenry.

To know more about how to care a pregnant woman the watch the video by OutlookMagazine below link:

#Health #Pregnancy #Care

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